Orthodontic Stomatology

Orthodontics is a science studying the problems connected with teeth occlusion. There are two types of treating tools – removable and non-removable.

Orthodental treatment aims to aesthetic improvements and functional normalization. The duration of treatment depends on the difficulty of anomaly and doesn’t have age limit. Desired results can be achived in children as well as in adults.

The duration of treatment is individual and lasts from 6 months to 2 years. Patient has to visit a doctor once a month during this period. In order to maintain achieved results, a retainer is fixed on the inner surface of the front 6 teeth and it’s not visible.

Bracket-system (non-removable)

There are two types of metal brackets vestibular and lingual brackets. Vestibular metal brackets have the fastest effect of correcting the occlusion. Lingual brackets are used to treat slight anomalies. Brackets are invisible and comfortable.

Ceramic Bracket System

Ceramic bracket system is a colorless and invisible type of brackets. Ceramic brackets look aesthetically, that’s why is has become so popular. Its advantages are: aesthetics, firmness, reliable fixation to teeth and it is used to treat the anomalies of any difficulty.

Self-ligating Brackets

In case of using self-ligated brackets, the arch is fixed with special lockers and it isn’t blocked, which allows the teeth to move faster.

Advantages:

  1. Total treatment duration is reduced;
  2. Necessity of teeth removal is eliminated;
  3. Number of doctor visits is reduced to once in 6-8 weeks;
  4. Wearing the brackets becomes more comfortable.

Removable Plate Tools

Plates are used most frequently in children from the age of 5-6 to 12-13. The causes of occlusion anomalies are bad habits, incorrect breath, swallowing and genetics.